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Robin Hood

EVERYONE’S HEARD OF ROBIN HOOD – THE MAN IN GREEN TIGHTS WHO STOLE FROM THE RICH TO GIVE TO THE POOR. THERE ARE FILMS ABOUT HIM, PLAYS ABOUT HIM AND SONGS ABOUT HIM, AND HE’S AN IMPORTANT PART OF POPULAR CULTURE. BUT WHO WAS HE?

“Robin Hood, Robin Hood, riding through the glen.

Robin Hood, Robin Hood, with his band of men.

Feared by the bad, loved by the good, Robin Hood, Robin Hood, Robin Hood.”

The king of bandits.

Robin Hood first appears in the 13th Century. Many of the earliest stories about Robin Hood come from ballads. One ballad from the early 15th century begins, “Robyn hode in scherewode stod” (which is old English for, “Robin Hood in Sherwood stood”). Robin has also been connected to folk traditions. Figures such as the Green Man (similar in appearance to Robin Hood) appeared in May Day ceremonies. In fact, some of these ceremonies are still heldin honour of the Green Man in countries with Celtic or Germanic traditions. Some say that Marian was a reference to the May Queen, which is another part of the May Day celebrations.

What is clear is that no two sources seem to agree on who Robin was or where he lived. Some claim that the name Robin Hood was used in England to refer to criminals in general. Others say that Robin was a bandit leader who lived in Sherwood Forest with his band of Merry Men (as his followers became known). However, others give his birthplace as Loxley, Sheffield in South Yorkshire. And another site in Yorkshire (now known as Robin Hood’s Well) has been associated with Robin Hood since about 1422.

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About Learn Hot English

Great news! The latest issue of Hot English (193) is out now! Learn over 1,000 useful words and expressions and improve your listening skills with Learn Hot English! This month: Learn 15 useful slang expressions. Plus, 10 useful words and expressions for talking about the body, 10 expressions for talking about seafood, 6 useful expressions for talking about the phone, idioms, phrasal verbs... plus: • Technology – eReaders. • Work – ridiculous requests. • Language – how to speak English. • Culture – festivals. • Travel – Poland. • Legends – Robin Hood. • Hollywood – Russell Croew & Cate Blanchett. • Business – dishonest salespeople. • Crime – cheats. • Cuisine – fish pie. • History – pirates. • Music – Chopin. • Accents – the Polish English accent. • Business skills – how to negotiate. • Current events – modern-day pirates. • Language – situational irony. AND LOTS, LOTS MORE! By reading and listening to all this great content, you'll improve your English reading and listening skills and learn up to 1,000 useful words or expressions. Plus, you'll get a better job and pass English-language exams more easily. Guaranteed!