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Digital Subscriptions > Rock&Gem Magazine > November 2019 > EARLY MINING IN ENGLAND’S CORNWALL


A History of Hard Work and Innovation
To avoid the long climb at shift’s end miners rode the oscillating pump rods to the surface.

When hard rock mining began in America, miners from all over the world arrived bringing with them the knowledge and mining skills learned and shared over the centuries.

German miners were recognized as the more skillful miners in part because mining had its beginnings in Germany over 1,000 years ago. Their advanced mining skills were revealed in the 1850s text, De Re Metallica (On the Nature of Metals), written by George Bauer, and translated in modern times by Herbert Hoover, and his wife Lou. This book, the first to reveal the secrets of mining, was referenced by mining people into the 20th century. Also, it was German miners who were brought to England to help unskilled farmers develop the skills and machinery needed to work England’s mines in Cornwall, where mining copper and tin were pursued after harvest time.

Some evidence shows earlier in history, the Phoenicians were in England — a place they called Cassiterides — in search of tin. Such visits encouraged locals to gather heavy, black tin oxide rocks from local streams. This eventually led to working near-surface veins found in and around the cliffs of Cornwall. As hard rock mining developed, and locals were trained by German miners, Cornwall, England slowly emerged as a source of copper and tin.

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Rock & Gem November 2019, COVELLITE : Marveling over mysterious 'Indigo Copper', Ancient Beads : Evidence of Commonality among Cultures, Cornwall Mining, And More....