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Digital Subscriptions > iScot Magazine > January 2017 > COLD KILLS

COLD KILLS

FOR NAPOLEON’S retreating Grand Armee the Russian winter of 1812 proved more deadly than the conflict with Moscow itself.

Rafail Zotov, a young Russian recruit who witnessed the harrying and harassing of the fleeing French, described what he saw: “December 14th…marked the start of the most severe frost, which even those of us who lived in St Petersburg had rarely experienced. Temperatures dropped every day and reached -29º to -31º Celsius. This was a final devastating blow to the French army, which completely lost its morale. Its every bivouac and encampment was like the terrifying sight of the battlefield, where thousands lay dying in great agony. And so the warriors who perhaps survived Austerlitz, Eylau and Borodino now easily fell into our hands. They were in a state of trance so that every Cossack captured and brought back dozens of them. They could not comprehend what was happening around them, could not remember or understand anything. The roads were littered with their corpses and they lay abandoned and without any attention inside every hut.”

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January 2017 Edition
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