Shopping Cart -

Your cart is currently empty.
Upgrade to today
for only an extra Cxx.xx

You get:

plus This issue of xxxxxxxxxxx.
plus Instant access to the latest issue of 480+ of our top selling titles.
plus Unlimited access to 40000+ back issues
plus No contract or commitment. If you decide that PocketmagsPlus is not for you, you can cancel your monthly subscription online at any time. Auto-renews at €11,99 per month, unless cancelled.
Upgrade for €1.09
Then just €11,99 / month. Cancel anytime.
Learn more
Pocketmags Digital Magazines
Pocketmags Digital Magazines
   You are currently viewing the Italy version of the site.
Would you like to switch to your local site?
Leggi ovunque Read anywhere
Modalità di pagamento Pocketmags Payment Types
Trusted site
A Pocketmags si ottiene
Fatturazione sicura
Ultime offerte
Web & App Reader
Loyalty Points

Skepticism and Literature in Nineteenth-Century Spain


“… take me to Spain.” —“Spanish Caravan,” The Doors

The idea of Spain in the minds of foreign visitors has T evolved substantially over the past three centuries. From an illiterate and savage country whose outlook may be synthesized in the dictum attributed to Voltaire that “Africa begins in the Pyrenees” or the commentary of Casanova upon entering Spain in 1767 (“Wretched Spain!”) (Casanova 1894), to its later transformation into a romantic and exotic place full of brave men and passionate women. This latter vision persisted and was made universal in the twentieth century through portraits of the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939) as depicted in the narratives of Hemingway and Orwell, among many others. From these, Spain’s devotion for bullfighting was then singled out as representative of the country as narrated in Hemingway’s novel The Sun Also Rises, which made Pamplona’s San Fermín celebrations famous worldwide. This oversimplified depiction of a highly diverse Spanish society was insightfully analyzed by the expert musicologist Judith Etzion in her landmark work on the Spanish fandango (Etzion 1993), a style of music and dance popular in eighteenth-century Spain. The truth is that many different “Spains” have existed in the Iberian Peninsula over the past three centuries and that different travelers have found what they were looking for, choosing to single out only one of many different realities.

Despite the presumed transition from an uncultured nation to a romantic and exotic one, disdain for science in Spanish society has been a traditional view that has remained constant during this time. Jules Verne best conveys the international view of science in nineteenth-century Spain. In his novel From the Earth to the Moon, originally published in 1865, Verne describes the international contribution to the cost of the voyage to the moon, for which he states:

Read the complete article and many more in this issue of Skeptical Inquirer
Purchase options below
If you own the issue, Login to read the full article now.
Single Digital Issue July/August 2018
This issue and other back issues are not included in a new Skeptical Inquirer subscription. Subscriptions include the latest regular issue and new issues released during your subscription.
Annual Digital Subscription €16,99 billed annually

This article is from...

View Issues
Skeptical Inquirer
July/August 2018

Other Articles in this Issue

Editor’s Letter
We were on a walking trek in wilderness Tanzania. Our
CBS is one of America’s premier television networks. It practically
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) must take a much
In March 2018, a month after the fact, the FAA
Longtime radio talk show host and paranormal promoter Art Bell
“A lie can travel half way around the world while
The mystery of Ata the mini-mummy began when seemingly humanoid
With their book UFOs, Chemtrails, and Aliens, Donald R. Prothero
New NTP Results Inconsistent; Random Chance Likely at Play
In the 1970s and 1980s, belief in the paranormal was
On March 18, 2018, CBS Sunday Morning featured O an
The Halloween 2017 terror attack in New York brought forth
Joe Nickell, PhD, is CSI’s senior research fellow. He has
Stuart Vyse is a psychologist and author of Believing in
Benjamin Radford is a research fellow at the Committee for
Demand for wildlife body parts for scientifically unproven medicinal remedies and paranormal trinkets is causing a world-wide crisis for many endangered animal species, including rhinos and elephants
A leading skeptic addresses the essence of contemporary skepticism and highlights the vital nonpartisan and science-based role of skeptics in preventing deception and harm
An alternative birth practice called lotus birth—not cutting the umbilical cord after delivery—is a poorly studied phenomenon with high risks and low benefits. It’s also not traditional; the fad dates back only to the 1970s
Several years ago, I came across the manual for a
An Alleged Dinosaur with Breasts in a Medieval Carving
After my article “Twenty-One Reasons Noah’s Worldwide Flood Never Happened”
In 1997, Michael Shermer wrote I one of the classics
Behave: The Biology of Humans at Our Best and Worst
AT LEAST KNOW THIS: Essential Science to Enhance Your Life
In his survey of the academic backdrop to today’s rampant