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Scotland: DEFENDING THE NATION

Christopher Fleet, map curator at National Library of Scotland, presents three very different maps which help tell the story of how the nation has been defended – and threatened – over the centuries
Stirling, 1725 The earliest detailed town plan of Stirling was a military one, drawn in pen and watercolour by the board of ordnance engineer John Laye in 1725. It allows us to see the town with a military eye, picking out many details of the castle fortifications and surrounding topography. From the time of the Treaty of Union in 1707, the British board of ordnance were granted responsibility for Scottish castles and forts, many of which were extremely vulnerable to attack by Jacobite forces. The map picks out the new artillery defences constructed around the entrance to Stirling castle between 1708 and 1714 (G on the map), and allows the castle’s defences and risks of attack from the direction of the town to be clearly assessed
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About History Scotland

Explore centuries of history and archaeology in the first History Scotland issue of 2019. Inside you’ll find history, archaeology, genealogy and heritage from some of the country’s top experts. Top reasons to read this issue: • Discover the tough reality of life as a Dundee whaler – and why the city’s female population was crucial to the success of the whaling industry • Read about Mary of Guelders – the Stewart queen who used her European connections to succeed in her royal role • See amazing images from the restoration of Monteath Mausoleum • Discover history events around the country during the winter months • Explore a new project to discover what we know – and have yet to discover – about the uses of gold in prehistoric Scotland