This website use cookies and similar technologies to improve the site and to provide customised content and advertising. By using this site, you agree to this use. To learn more, including how to change your cookie settings, please view our Cookie Policy
Pocketmags Digital Magazines
Pocketmags Digital Magazines



In the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis, much of the country was enraged because not a single Wall Street hotshot—the guys who got us into the mess—was prosecuted.

While there are many financiers who could have been made to take the perp walk, there’s also a case to be made that the fault lies with those who laid the intellectual foundation upon which a market-driven financial crisis could happen in the first place.

That brings us to Michael Jensen, a tenured finance professor at Harvard Business School, where he has spent the bulk of his career. Few still believe in the message he sold everyone on in the 1980s—not even at HBS—but the damage is done, and his legacy is an ugly one. So why does he still have a job? He has tenure, for starters, but the other reason is that when Harvard Business School talks about making the world a better place, it’s just posturing. What it’s about is making money. And in the 1980s, Jensen brought the school a lot of money and (for a few years) intellectual credibility. But that’s getting ahead of the story.

In 1970, Nobel Prize–winning economist Milton Friedman published an essay in The New York Times Magazine titled “The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits.” Flouting the midcentury view (and that of the most influential faculty at the Harvard Business School) that the best type of CEO was one with an enlightened social conscience, Friedman claimed that such executives were “highly subversive to the capitalist system.” His tone was snide. “[Businessmen] believe that they are defending free enterprise when they declaim that business is not concerned ‘merely’ with profit but also with promoting desirable ‘social’ ends, that business has a ‘social conscience’ and takes seriously its responsibilities for providing employment, eliminating discrimination, avoiding pollution and whatever else may be the catchwords of the contemporary crop of reformers. In fact they are—or would be if they or anyone else took them seriously—preaching pure and unadulterated socialism.”

He then described the concept of the executive as “agent” of the company’s shareholders: “In a free-enterprise, private-property system, a corporate executive is an employee of the owners of the business. He has direct responsibility to his employers. That responsibility is to conduct the business in accordance with their desires, which generally will be to make as much money as possible while conforming to the basic rules of the society.”

Friedman didn’t shy away from taking alarmist stances. If you want to get noticed in economics, you pretty much have to do so—just ask Paul Krugman. “[Speeches] by businessmen on social responsibility,” Friedman wrote, “may gain them kudos in the short run. But it helps to strengthen the already too prevalent view that the pursuit of profits is wicked and immoral and must be curbed and controlled by external forces. Once this view is adopted, the external forces that curb the market will not be the social consciences, however highly developed, of the pontificating executives; it will be the iron first of Government bureaucrats.”

Purchase options below
Find the complete article and many more in this issue of Newsweek International - 14th April 2017
If you own the issue, Login to read the full article now.
Single Issue - 14th April 2017
Or 499 points
Annual Digital Subscription
Only $ 0.67 per issue
Or 3399 points
Monthly Digital Subscription
Only $ 0.94 per issue
Or 399 points

View Issues

About Newsweek International

WHEN BILLIONAIRES ATTACK MR. Monopoly, that mustachioed fat cat, was about as close as most Americans got to a New York City billionaire until candidate Donald Trump started flying his jet to their villages last year. Now they are practically an everyday sight, because President Trump has coaxed a pack of them out of their penthouses and private jets to either join his Cabinet or sit on his councils and advisory boards. Trump voters know they’ve had a government for billionaires, that’s one reason they’re so mad, but to have one by billionaires means the Mighty Oz is now setting the nation’s agenda, and there is no curtain.