Shopping Cart -

Your cart is currently empty.
Continue Shopping
This website use cookies and similar technologies to improve the site and to provide customised content and advertising. By using this site, you agree to this use. To learn more, including how to change your cookie settings, please view our Cookie Policy
Pocketmags Digital Magazines
US
Pocketmags Digital Magazines

Black Smoker Geysers

Loaded with Sulfide Minerals, They’re a Miner’s Best Friend

Once I began to enjoy collecting minerals, my curiosity took over. I realized these beautiful things came from the earth but how did they get there? How do they form? Thus began a lifelong journey into mineral literature and asking questions about minerals. You would think that by now we have all the answers about how minerals end up where we find them. Wrong! We are still making discoveries that relate to where minerals come from.

One of the most informative and significant modern discoveries about minerals happened in 1979 when scientists were doing deep ocean explorations along the East Pacific Rise, where crustal faulting and spreading and volcanic activities were occurring. The research revealed super-hot, black waters gushing like geysers from the fault zones on the ocean floor. The water was super-hot because it was bursting from deep in an area of hot volcanic activity, under pressure that was exposed on the seafloor that was slowly spreading apart along a major fault. These hot spring erupting areas were what scientists call volcanic vents, which are places where the super-heated waters within the crust are under such pressure that they had to burst forth.

Black smoker geyser in the Juan de Fuca Ridge System, near Vancouver Island, Canada. WIKIMEDIA COMMONS
READ MORE
Purchase options below
Find the complete article and many more in this issue of Rock&Gem Magazine - June 2019
If you own the issue, Login to read the full article now.
Single Issue - June 2019
$5.99
Or 599 points
Annual Digital Subscription
Only $ 2.33 per issue
SAVE
61%
$27.99
Or 2799 points
6 Month Digital Subscription
Only $ 2.66 per issue
SAVE
56%
$15.99
Or 1599 points
Monthly Digital Subscription
Only $ 4.99 per issue
SAVE
17%
$4.99
Or 499 points

View Issues

About Rock&Gem Magazine

Rock & Gem June 2019, Jasper Orbs : Formation of Unique Features, Turquoise Mining, Special Section : Tools of the Trade, And More...