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Digital Subscriptions > History Revealed > March 2017 > How Did They Do That?

How Did They Do That?

The Temple of Zeus was once the crowning jewel of Olympia

THE GREEK TEMPLE

The Ancient Greeks lived in a world of gods; immortal, although subjugated to human feelings, from wrath to jealousy and envy. To worship them, and as corollary of their advanced architectural knowledge, they built temples. However, unlike with modern religions, the temples were not used by ordinary people for worship. Instead, they were homes for statues of gods, which were tended to by priests. Ceremonies and festivals took place outside of the temple. They are now considered icons of Greek civilisation.

THE THREE ORDERS

The first Greek temples date back to the ninth century BC. Over time, they became more elaborate. They can be divided into three architectural orders: Doric, like the Athens Parthenon, Ionian and Corinthian. The beauty of the Greek temples served as a model for the buildings of many later cultures, starting with the Romans, who refined Hellenic architecture.

Some of the Temple of Zeus’s columns still stand
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About History Revealed

Discover the real King Arthur with our exclusive article from archaeologist Miles Russell, who believes that the legendary figure was in fact a Dark Age warlord. Elsewhere, Anne Boleyn and Thomas Cromwell go head to head, take a look at life on the Thames in the Victorian era, and learn about the forgotten storyteller who wrote one of our most-loved fairytales.
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