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58 MIN READ TIME

Lazy hussies dreaming by a murmuring brook?

De Bleeker (The Bleacher), a lusty fellow from Jan Luyken’s Book of Trades 1694
Glorat Bleachfield advertisement Edinburgh Evening Courant, 18 February 1769

Lazy hussies dreaming by a murmuring brook? This comment from a Scottish visitor to the bleachields at Haarlem relects the domestic nature of the bleaching of linen at home in the early 18th century, the author critical of the little work involved in whitening a single homespun web. It has often been pointed out that for the Scots bleaching was part of the agricultural year, outdoors, seasonal and timeconsuming, taking between eight to twelve weeks to accomplish as a general rule, in the long spring and summer days. Nothing about manufacturing linen, however, was amateur or parttime. It was an expensive ibre, long and lustrous, but embedded in a woody stem and dificult to process.

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About History Scotland

Explore centuries of history and archaeology in the first History Scotland issue of 2019. Inside you’ll find history, archaeology, genealogy and heritage from some of the country’s top experts. Top reasons to read this issue: • Discover the tough reality of life as a Dundee whaler – and why the city’s female population was crucial to the success of the whaling industry • Read about Mary of Guelders – the Stewart queen who used her European connections to succeed in her royal role • See amazing images from the restoration of Monteath Mausoleum • Discover history events around the country during the winter months • Explore a new project to discover what we know – and have yet to discover – about the uses of gold in prehistoric Scotland

Other Articles in this Issue


History Scotland
Welcome to the first History Scotland issue of 2019
NEWS
The Scottish History Society and History Scotland magazine
Three new galleries will showcase more than 1,500 historic
Professor John M.Mackenzie pays tribute to the late Professor Eric Richards, who passed away on 21 September 2018
New research suggests ‘certain and possible examples’
David Freeman charts the progress of an ongoing project to restore a magnificent mausoleum built for a fiercely private soldier who went to great lengths to ensure his final resting place would be an imposing building where he could lie in solitary splendour
This month Neil McLennan visits Inverness and surrounds, using the history of his ancestral clan as a springboard for his explorations
FEATURES
Dr Alison Sheridan introduces a new joint project to explore what we know – and what we have yet to discover – about early gold use in Britain
Christopher Fleet, map curator at National Library of Scotland, presents three very different maps which help tell the story of how the nation has been defended – and threatened – over the centuries
John Richardson of the Antonine Guard society describes the history of the Roman cavalry in Scotland
Vanessa Habib goes on a journey to identify the lost linen bleachfields of Scotland
ARCHAEOLOGY NEWS
Investigating an archaeological landscape
Investigations on the outskirts of medieval Stirling discovered the foundations of the medieval dominican friary and the remains of a young man who may have been a friar there
IN-DEPTH FEATURES
Malcolm Archibald delves into the lives of Dundee’s whaling seamen, a group traditionally reviled as rough and uncouth, but who in fact emerge as hard-working (if also hard-playing) professionals, and moreover as men for whom their relationships with women were of central importance
In the opening half of a two-part study, Dr David Taylor tells the story of the Robertsons, a group of brothers from Badenoch who emigrated to Van Diemen’s Land – modern Tasmania – in the early 19th century, hoping to strike it rich as farmers
Concluding their study of Scottish migrants in early modern England, Professor Keith Brown and Dr Allan Kennedy explore how Scots were received by their English hosts, investigating the nature of anti-Scottish prejudice, how far Scots were able to assimilate into English society and how they dealt with the issue of identity
In the fourth volume of her ground-breaking study, Dr Amy Hayes considers the queenship of Mary of Guelders, wife of James II and the first Stewart queen from continental Europe, and also the first Scottish consort who managed to exploit her position as the king’s wife to gain a significant political role
Coastal history in Scotland Following on from his appearance
REGULARS… IN EVERY ISSUE
In the opening instalment of a new series in which he outlines key events and developments in Scottish history, our consultant editor, Dr Allan Kennedy, explores the vicious civil war that convulsed Scotland after the overthrow of Mary Queen of Scots
Neil McGuigan delves into a reappraisal of Scotland’s ‘dark age’, and the literary sources and physical evidence that bring the period to life
Anne Rutten explores a study of the sinking of the Tuscania and the Otranto and the effect of these tragedies on the community of Islay
Start the year with something a little different, as
For an organisation dedicated to maintaining a large tranche of the nation’s collective memory, it seems strange that the National Records of Scotland has not inherited from its predecessor organisations memorials to all the staff who died in both world wars, writes Dr Tristram Clarke
Margaret Grosset introduces this unique archive that covers more than a century of girlguiding history, showing how girl guiding in Scotland has changed over the years, and highlighting the work of some of the movement’s prominent members
Our seasonal work of art is a winter painting of the city of Edinburgh, showing familiar landmarks transformed through a powerful use of light and visual signals
Since its inception in 1998, the Clyne Heritage Society’s
This month, Ken Nisbet shares his top tips for using medical registers and directories to research ancestors who used the services of a hospital or doctor
Dr Annie Tindley highlights a volume which explores in rich detail the stories of Scots who migrated to America from the mid 17th century to the early 20th century
Natasha Ferguson, Project Reveal Lead Inventory Officer at National Trust for Scotland, talks about the Trust’s extensive archaeology collections, which are part of an ongoing project to catalogue and photograph tens of thousands of artefacts held at its sites around the country